Education has had a long and distinguished history in Poland. The Jagiellonian University, set up by King Casimir The Great in KrakÃ³w in 1364, is one of the 20 oldest universities in Europe. In the 15th century it attracted students from all across Europe, and in the 16th century around 10% of students at the university were from the peasantry â something highly unusual at the time.
According to DardziÅski, the strategy points for Deputy Prime Minister JarosÅaw Gowin include improving scientific excellence, implementing organizational changes in higher education and opening up to the community. Today, universities are definitely too hermetic, poorly organized and, in a sense, are wasting the potential of Polish scientists.
Today, Ukrainians are a visible presence on the Polish labour market, from seasonal agricultural labourers to specialists. In 2017, Polish employers filed 1.8 million requests to hire people from outside the EU, of whom 1.7 million were Ukrainians - one-third more than the previous year.
Although Adam Zamoyski was born in New York, he was only there fleetingly, arriving in London two weeks later, and Englandâs capital has been his home ever since. His parents, Count Stefan Zamoyski and Princess ElÅ¼bieta Czartoryska, had left Poland in 1939. His father played an active role during World War II, fighting on several fronts and serving as aide-de-camp toÂ Polish Prime Minister-in-exileÂ WÅadysÅaw Sikorski.
With the government on the defensive abroad and on a continued offensive at home, Poland Today talks to four experts from Polityka Insight: Wojciech Szacki, Senior Analyst for Political Affairs; Marek ÅwierczyÅski, Senior Analyst for Security Affairs; Adam Czarniak, Chief Economist, and Robert Tomaszewski, Business Analyst, to put the last few weeks in context, and to look ahead at what might come up.
Tadeusz KoÅciÅski, Undersecretary of State in the Ministry of Enterprise and Technology, talks to Poland Today. "The main change is that weâre moving away from geographical limits so the whole of Poland will be an economic zone, not just regional areas totalling 25,000 hectares," says KoÅciÅski.
My grandpa was in the ghetto until the last day of its liquidation, on 29 August 1944. That day he was transported to Auschwitz. He was deemed fit to work upon arrival. His father and brother, however, were sent to the gas chamber. After a few months in Auschwitz, my grandpa survived the winter death march from Auschwitz to Buchenwald. And then a second, 16-day death march from Buchenwald to Theresienstadt - the last existing camp-ghetto of the war.
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